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Navigating the Express Entry Program and Obtaining Permanent Residence

Navigating the Express Entry Program and Obtaining Permanent Residence

Agenda for Today

  1. What is the Express Entry Program?
  2. Who can apply for the Express Entry Program?
  3. What is assessed to determine your Express Entry Profile Score?
  4. The different categories within the Express Entry program
  5. How you can improve your score?
  6. What happens if you get invited to apply for PR?

What is the Express Entry Program?

  • Canada’s most popular immigration system that offers Canadian PR
  • This program is aimed for skilled immigrants, whether in trade or in a professional career
  • It is a 2 part system – (1) make an EE profile (2) get an invitation and apply for PR
  • Candidates create a profile that is ranked and given points based on certain criteria.
    The more points you have based on your profile, the higher your ranking will be which means there is a higher chance you will be selected to apply for PR
  • Your profile is valid for a single year. Invitations are sent out every 2 weeks for different categories within Express Entry.
  • If you are selected to apply for PR, you have 90 days to submit the remaining documents

What is the Express Entry Program?

  • Immigration Canada aims to process PR Applications through Express Entry within around 6 months of receiving the Application, which is by far the fastest PR process available right now
  • The important thing is improving your Express Entry Profile and obtaining as many points as possible. Your Profile can be edited and changed to improve it during it’s 1 year life span
  • Your dependent children (22 & younger) and your spouse can be a part of your Application for PR as dependents.
  • Depending on your circumstances, you can apply both from outside and within of Canada
  • If you plan on living in Quebec, you must go through a separate program

Who Can Apply for Express Entry?
6 Selection Factor Process

  • You must first determine whether you meet the requirements of Canada’s 6 Selection Factor Process by scoring at least 67 points out of 100.
  • If you get at least 67, you meet the minimum requirements for Express Entry, and you will then be allowed to create an actual profile.
  • Your score on this evaluation is determined by 6 factors:
  • Language Skills (max 28 pts)
  • Education Level (max 25 pts)
  • Work Experience (max 15 pts)
  • Age (max 12 pts)
  • Arranged Employment (max 10 pts)
  • Adaptability (max 10 pts)

Who Can Apply for Express Entry?

  • If you get a minimum score of 67, you will be allowed to make an Express Entry Profile and you will receive a code that allows you to make an Express Entry profile
  • You cannot/should not make an Express Entry Profile without having done an IELTS English Exam and having submit your degrees for an Educational Credential Assessment
  • You can use this link to take the 6 Factors Test and determine whether you meet the minimum requirements for Express Entry
  • Remember, the score you get on this simple test is not going to be the score of your final Express Entry Profile. It is just to determine if you meet the minimum requirements

Who Can Apply for Express Entry?
Minimum Requirements for Main Categories

  • What is Assessed to Determine your Express
    Entry Score?
  • Express Entry profiles receive a score out of 1200.
  • It uses the Comprehensive Ranking System Criteria to determine your score based on what you input
    into your profile
  • The previous minimum scores to be chosen for each category of Express Entry in the last few months are as follows:
  • Canadian Experience Class – 449 points
  • Federal Skilled Trade – 415 points
  • Federal Skilled Worker – 468 points

What is Assessed to Determine your Express Entry Score?

  • Core/Human Capital Factors (maximum 500 points)
  • Age (max 110 points) – you will get a perfect score here if you are between 20 and 29
  • Level of Education (max 150 points) – you will get a higher score if you’ve done a Masters/PhD
  • Official Languages Proficiency (max 160 points) – if you get a higher score on IELTS, this goes up
  • Canadian Work Experience (max 80 points)
  • Skill Transferability Factors (maximum 100 points)
  • If you have strong language skills and a post-secondary degree (max 50 pts)
  • If you have Canadian work experience and a post-secondary degree (max 50 pts)
  • If you have strong language skills and foreign work experience (max 50 pts)
  • If you have Canadian work experience and foreign work experience (max 50 pts)
  • If you have strong language skills and a certificate of qualification in a trade (max 50 pts)
  • Additional Points (maximum 600 points)
  • Do you have a brother/sister living in Canada as a PR/citizen? (max 15 pts)
  • Do you have French language skills? (max 50 pts)
  • Do you have post-secondary education in Canada? (max 40 pts)
  • Do you have arranged employment/job offer in Canada? (max 200 pts)
  • Do you have a provincial nomination? (max 600 pts)
  • To obtain these points, you must answer several questions when creating your Express Entry Profile
  • You must be able to provide the results of your IELTS exam and you must be able to verify that you had you post-secondary degrees certified.
  • Once you have entered all relevant information, it usually takes about a day for the Express Entry portal to calculate your points. This is also the day your profile’s one year life span begins.
  • REMEMBER, you can make changes to your Express Entry profile if your situation changes over the course of the year. However, you must also remember that whatever you have in your Express Entry Profile must be later proven when applying for PR if you are invited

The Different Categories of Express Entry

  • There are three major categories for Express Entry
  • Canadian Experience Class
  • Federal Skilled Worker
  • Federal Skilled Trades
  • Based on what you enter in your Express Entry profile, you will be slotted into a certain category
  • It is possible to be slotted into two categories, which increases your chances of being chosen in the draw
  • Each category is unique and has certain requirements that must be met

The Different Categories of Express Entry
Determining what category your job falls under

  • Immigration Canada uses a database called the National Occupational Classification to
    determine job categories and the main responsibilities for said job
  • Immigration Canada relies on the category of skill level to determine what category in Express
    Entry you fall under
  • Category “0” is considered management jobs such as restaurant managers, community service
    managers, ship captains, etc.
  • Category “A” is for professional jobs that require a degree from a university such as an
    engineer, a doctor, a nurse, a lawyer, an architect, etc.
  • Category “B” is for technical jobs and skilled trades that usually call for a college diploma or
    training as an apprentice such as a chef, a plumber, an electrician, etc.
  • Use this link to see what category your work experience would fall under

The Different Categories of Express Entry

  1. Canadian Experience Class
  • For skilled workers who have Canadian work experience
  • Your Canadian work experience must have been gained legally through a work permit. “Under the table” work cannot be counted
  • You must have 1 year of work experience in Canada in the last 3 years
  • If your work experience falls under the category of NOC 0 or A, your English level must be at a CLB 7 or above
  • If your work experience falls under the category of NOC B, your English level must be at CLB 5 or above
  • The pool for this category falls in the middle of the competitiveness scale
  • 2. Federal Skilled Worker

For skilled workers with foreign work experience

  • Your foreign work experience must be at least 1 year continuous work in the last 10 years. It can be in either category 0, A or B
  • Your English level must be at a CLB 7 or above, no matter what the category is
  • You must have secondary education
  • A job offer is not required but having one gets you more points
  • This tends to be the most competitive pool, usually has the most Applicants
  • 3. Federal Skilled Trades
  • For skilled workers with foreign work experience specifically in the skilled trades
  • Your foreign work experience must be at least 2 year of full-time work
    experience in the last 5 years. It must be in category B.
  • Your English level must be at a CLB 5 for speaking and listening and CLB 4 for reading and writing
  • A job offer is required for full-time employment for at least 1 year OR you must have a certificate of qualification in a skilled trade issued by a Canadian provincial or federal authority
  • This tends to be the least competitive category

How Can You Improve Your Express Entry Score?

  • You should have a score to aim for depending on what category you are applying through
    • Federal Skilled Worker – around 470 points
    • Federal Skilled Trade – around 430 points
    • Canadian Experience Class – around 450 points
  • What happens when you don’t meet that score? You can still improve the amount of points you have and make yourself a standout Applicant.

1. Provincial Nominations (potentially earn an additional 600 points)

  • Passive vs. active applications
  • Pick your province strategically

2. Gain Canadian work and study experience before making your Express Entry profile through a study permit
and/or work permit

  • You may not be in the right position at the moment to be considering PR and this allows you to add important experience to your profile to give yourself a chance

3. Retake your English exam

  • Consider also learning French and also taking a French exam to give yourself additional points

4. If you have a spouse with stronger qualifications, consider making them the Principal Applicant

What Happens if you Get Invited for PR?

  • You have 90 days to provide Immigration Canada all of the documents necessary to process your Permanent Resident Application
  • The processing of the Application after submission of your documents should take 6 months
  • Documents you will need to provide
    • Letters from employers
    • Police Certificate
    • Proof of Settlement Funds
    • Medical Exam Confirmation
    • Proof of Post-Secondary Education (if applicable)
    • Proof of Job Offer (if applicable)
  • There could be an interview if the Immigration Officer needs further clarification
  • As of right now, individuals who receive PR from Express Entry after March 2020 have
    been asked to not travel to Canada right now until restrictions have been lifted
  • The only Express Entry candidates that can receive their PR are those that are already
    living in Canada. This does not mean you should delay your Application, as it is anticipated
    that these restrictions will lift in the coming months
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